19th Feb. 2018
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India Introduction  
Culture & Customs

Indian culture is predominantly influenced by the majority relgion of Hinduism. Still, people of India have learned to live in the multi-cultural society over the years. The most controversial aspect of Hinduism in India has been the caste system. There are four castes of the Hindus: the Bramhins, the Ksaytriyas, the Vaisyas, & the Sudras. The surnames indicate the caste of the individual. Some believe that pehaps the caste hierarchy evolved out of the political need to organize & control a vast population. Each caste has been assorted a particular set of professions: the Bramhins are teachers & priest, the Ksatriyas are the ruler castes, the Vaisya are the business people, & the lowest caste the Sudras are  the labourers, & menial workers. Howerver, Indian Cosntitution prohibit the caste discrimination, and especially the younger generation does not attach much importance to caste hierarchy.

Besides Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Buddhism, Sikhism, & other religious culture also immensely enrich the Indian culture. 

Cutoms & Traditions:

People fold both palms in front of their face, and say “Namaskar” or “Namaste” to formally greet others. The juniors by relation, age, or status are supposed to do a “Namaskar” first to their seniors, & the seniors respond in the same manner. Alternatively, more religious ones, especially the village people also say “Jai Ramjee kee” if they’re Hindu, & “Salam - Walekum” among the Muslims. Nowadays, the city people shake hands among the equals, and do “Namaskar” to seniors.

it’s more common to prostrate & put  one’s head on the feet of the  parents & holy people to bestow respect. The elder who expect to receive a Dandavat might be offended if they’re greeted only with “Namaskar”. However, a “Namaskar” is enough in social interactions, including with the foreigners.

A garland made of flower is offered to the gods, and also to bestow respect in a formal occasion. If you’ve watched a Hindi movie, you must have seen the politician being garlanded after winning the election. Flower garlands are offered to the deities every morning.

The Hindus pray everyday, especially in the temples.

The Muslims pray fives times a day.

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