19th Feb. 2018
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Bhutan Introduction  

Like the geographical, Bhutan share some similarity in history with Nepal. Bhutan used to be called Lhomon or Monyul around 600 B. C., and the Mahayana tradition of Tibetan Buddhism influenced the region in the 500 B. C. The rivalry between various religious sects gave rise to multiple tiny states around 10th century. The rivalry continued till 17th century when multiple states were finally united into a kingdom under the theocratic government independent from the Tibetan influences. The Namgyels of Tibetan origin are said to be the first rulers of modern Bhutan, who were replaced by the Wangchucks in 1907 as the Druk Gyalpo, or Dragon King. The British Raj in India helped to create the Wangchuk Monarchy in 1907 in return of Bhutan’s ceding of the Sinchulu lands to the British. The Wanchuck King Jigme Singye ruled the kingdom as an absolute monarch and promulgated a multi-party system in 2008, handing over the reign to his son Jigme Khesar Namgyel as the fifth King of Modern Bhutan.

Since the 1990s, the Bhutanese of the Nepali origin began their movement alleging what they call Bhutan King’s “ethnic cleansing” measures. This resulted in the forceful eviction of a large number of Bhutanese of Nepali origin from the southern Bhutan, who were in the United Nations’ Refugee Camp in eastern Nepal. Currently, the Bhutanese refugees are being resettled in the third countries – more than 50,000 in the U. S. & some in European countries & Australia. 

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